Calluses and CornsWhen the pressure on the foot becomes excessive, some areas of the skin thicken, in the form of corns and callus, as a protective response.
Most calluses are symptoms of an underlying problem like a bony deformity, a particular style of walking, or inappropriate footwear. Some people have a natural tendency to form callus because of their skin type. Elderly people have less fatty tissue in their skin and this can lead to callus forming on the ball of the foot.
You can control a small amount of hard skin by gently rubbing with a pumice stone, or foot file occasionally and use a moisturising cream daily. If this does not appear to be working, seek advice from your podiatrist who can remove the callus or corns.
Corms always occur over a bony prominence in response to excess pressure, and can either be hard or soft.